Remember the letters D R A B C
D- Danger – Check that you are not putting yourself in danger
R- Response- Try to get a response by asking questions and gently shaking their shoulders.
A – Airways – If they are unconscious check their airway is open and clear. To open the airway, place one hand on the forehand and gently tilt their head back, then lift the chin using 2 fingers only.
B – Breathing – Keeping the airway open, check to see if the breathing is normal. Look along their chest, and listen and feel for breath on your cheek for up to 10 seconds.
C – Compressions – If they are not breathing, start chest compressions immediately.
Place one hand on the centre of their chest. Place the heel of your other hand on top of the first and interlock your fingers, keeping your fingers off their ribs.
Lean directly over their chest and press down vertically about 5-6cm. Release the pressure, but don’t remove your hands.
Give compressions at a rate of 100-120 per minute until help arrives.